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Women’s low participation in public and political life is often shaped by the legal framework and by the nature of formal political institutions such as political parties and parliamentary structures, and electoral systems and processes. But gender norms and economic and social factors also limit women’s opportunities and capabilities to participate in decision making.

Discrimination based on

sexuality and gender

Gender norms and social factors limit women’s opportunities to participate in decision making. As a result, women’s domestic roles and responsibilities are over-emphasised, so they often have less time to engage in informal and formal decision making and political activities outside of the household. Other reasons women have low participation in public and formal political life is because party politics and strategic resources are dominated by men. These inequalities mean that women often face barriers that men don’t - such as lack of access to networks, resources and limits on mobility, all of which restrain women from political candidacy. Violence against female politicians is not uncommon.Candidates face discrimination based on sexuality, ethnicity, religion, disability, health status and marital and family status.

Gender inequality around the world > Political > Discrimination based on sexuality and gender

    The face of poverty is female

    What is SRHR?
    Equal opportunities for all

Gender inequality around the world 
    1. Health
    Maternal health
    2. Education
    Early and forced marriage
    Discrimination against girls
    Comprehensive sexuality education
    3. Sexual and Gender Based Violence
    1. Unpaid care burdens
    2. Formal and informal markets
    3. Empowerment
    1. Discrimination
    2. Changing social norms
    3. Peace building
IPPF’s recommendations: 6 steps for moving towards equality and sustainable development
    1. Laws that support sexual and reproductive health and rights
    2. Funding for sexual and reproductive health and rights
    3. Measure the outcomes that really matter
    4. Engage men and boys as partners in gender transformative change
    5. Laws to eliminate sexual and gender-based violence
    6. Strengthening political capacity of women at the grassroots level

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